Gallery of: Dadudayal

History of Dadudayal

Sant Dadu Dayal was born in the Seventh Century of Vikram Samvat. He was a contemporary of Emperor Akbar. This was the time when people had started adopting a liberal attitude towards all religions and Fatehpur Sikri had become the center for this movement. The influence of Sant Kabir had its impact on the people, which was further strengthened by Sant Dadu Dayal. He propagated the Nirgun Upasana. There are different opinions about his exact place of birth, but it is believed that he was born in a Nagar Brahman family of Ahemdabad. Lodiram, an issueless Nagar Brahman lived in Ahemdabad. In the year 1601 Vikram Samvat on the Falgun Shukla Ashtami he was passing by the Sabarmati river bank when he spotted a box flowing in the river. He picked up the box to find a smiling new-born child in it. Lodiram brought the child home and gave it to his wife. The couple started looking after the child and by the grace of God Lodiram’s wife started feeding the child. They named the child as Dadu. Once when he was about eleven and playing with other children, an old Sadhu inserted juice of betel leaf being chewed by him in the mouth of Dadu and begged alms from him. Dadu could not understand any thing and the Sadhu left. Gradually Dadu started developing a feeling of detachment from worldly pleasures and started thinking about the transitory nature of the world. Many a times he attempted to leave his home but did not succeed. At the age of eighteen that Sadhu again appeared before Dadu. Dadu showed a lot of respect for the Sadhu and bowed down at his feet. The Sadhu told him-‘I am at your door for a moment and you are welcoming me with so much respect and devotion. But you do not know that the Lord is waiting for you from eternity at the other end of your life. If you turn towards the Lord, you would be liberated’. Uttering these words, tears started rolling out of the Sadhu’s eyes. Dadu fell at his feet stating that he (the Sadhu) was all-in-all for him and requested for initiation. The Sadhu initiated him.

Dadu has recognized this in one of his verses stating:

GAIB MAHI GURUDEV MILA, PAYA HUM PARSAD,

MASTAK MERE KAR DHARYA, DAYA AGAM AGADH.

The Sadhu embraced Dadu, whose heart got enlightened and from Dadu he became Dadu Dayal. It is said that this Sadhu was ‘Kamal’ (son of Sant Kabir) It is also believed that this Sadhu was Kabir’s disciple Sant Buddhan. When his family noticed that Dadu was getting disinterested in worldly affairs, they married him to a girl from a pious Brahman family of Badnagar. He was blessed with children, Garibdas was his eldest son, but they could not keep Dadu tied to family. Dadu Dayal left his family and visited many places including Bihar, Gaud-Bengal and Kashi and met many saints. After this pilgrimage, he settled at a place Sambhar in Rajasthan, where he started earning his livelihood by ginning cotton. He always remained conscious to make spiritual progress. He was deeply influenced by Sant Kabir. He started turning people towards the Lord through satsang. The place in Sambhar where the satsang was carried was named as ‘Alakhdariba’ or ‘Chaugan’. At Alakhdariba conferences of Sadhus and saints used to be held to contemplate on the Brahm. Sant Dadu Dayal lived for six years in Sambhar and then he moved to Amer, the then capital of Jaipur State. His entire life was spent in Bhajan . He did not approve of showing miracles. On invitation by Emperor Akbar, he spent forty days with him at Fatehpur Sikri. Emperor Akbar asked him about the color, caste and form of the Brahm. Sant Dadu had replied:

ISHQ ALLAH KI JATI HAI, ISHQ ALLAH KA ANG,

ISHQ ALLAH AAUJUD HAI, ISHQ ALLAH KA RANG.

Emperor Akbar was very much impressed by Sant Dadu Dayal. Abdul Rahim Khankhana also showed great respect towards him. Many of Emperor’s Navratnas had great reverence for him. On return from there, Sant Dadu Dayal held satsang at various places of Rajasthan including Dausa, Marwar and Bikaner.Sant Dadu was a great forgiver. Once when he was in Samadhi, some people covered him with bricks all around him. When Dadu got up from Samadhi, he found that he was enclosed from all around. He again closed his eyes and got absorbed in contemplation. When people came to know of it they rescued Dadu, who forgave those persons.Rajjab, Mahatma Garibdas, Sunderdas, Jagjivandas and Vashnaji were some of the prominent disciples of Dadu Dayal. Sunderdas and Rajjab have a special place in his tradition. His tradition is known as ‘Brahm-Sampraday’ and also as Dadu-Panth. Dadu followed the ‘Ekeshwarvad’ (monotheism) of Kabir. Dadu considered the Brahm as the ‘Adiguru’ (the Master of all), Akal (Eternal), Avinashi (Immortal) and Avaran (Having no caste or creed). This Sampraday puts the Guru at a very high place. The Atmavad (the supremacy of the Soul) of the Upanishads has been recognized as the fundamental basis of Brahmanand (bliss) by Nirgun saints and Dadu followed the same path. The medieval monotheist saints belonging to Nirgun-Dhara (stream) explained the principles of Soul and Brahm in the common men’s language, which is considered as the greatest contribution in promoting Sant-Sahitya. Dadu Dayal established the Sahaj-Tatva in simple language. His Sahaj-Param-Tatva is venerable by all, being absolutely Impartial and Neutral. He considered the Divine full of Love and Innate. He established nonduality of the Brahm and Jeev. In his last days Sant Dadu started living at Jaipur, where he lived for nine years and towards his last he moved to Narena, where he lived in solitude along with some of his disciples in a mountain-cave. In 1660 Vikram Samvat he took Samadhi in the cave where his hair, Tumba, gown and slippers are still preserved. One of his famous Bhajans is:

BHAI RE GHAR HI MEIN GHAR PAYA,SAHAJ SAMAI RAHYA TA MAHI,

SATGURU KHOJ BATAYA. TA GHAR KAJ SABAI FIRI AYA, AAPAI AAP LAKHAYA,

KHOLI KAPAT MAHAL KE DINHE, THIR ASTHAN DIKHAYA.

BHAY AUR BHED BHARAM SAB BHAGA, SAACH SOI MAN LAYA,

PYAND PARE JAHAN JIV JAVE, TAMEN SAHAJ SAMAYA.

NIHCHAL SADA CHALAI NAHI KABAHUN, DEKHYA SAB MEIN SOI,

TAHI SOON MERA MAN LAGA, AUR NA DOOJA KOI.

ADI ANT SOI GHAR PAYA, AB MAN ANAT NA JAI,DADU EK RANGE-RANG LAGA, TAME RAHYA SAMAI.

He also said:

AAPA METE HARI BHAJE, TAN-MAN TAJE VIKAR,

NIR-BAIRI SAB JEEVSON,’DADU’ YAH MAT SAAR.